Facts and Tips on How to Choose the Best Gourmet Coffee

We will be learning about the different coffee roasting techniques and attributes that need to take into consideration when roasting coffee beans. The roast level is determined by the temperature and the time the coffee beans are roasted. In terms of standard coffee roast levels, these include light roast, medium roast, and dark roast. A light roast is ideal for those who prefer mild coffee, the coffee beans are brown and they don't have oils. Medium roast is also sometimes called as American roast because it is a favorite in the United States, has a stronger flavor than light roast but the coffee beans are slightly sweeter, with medium brown color and a non-oily coffee bean's surface. A dark roast has shiny and black coffee beans with an oily coffee bean surface, producing a significant amount of bitterness, with lower levels of acidity and the color may vary from black to charred.

When it comes to the increasing levels of light roast , they include light city roast, half city roast, and cinnamon roast. For medium roast, the increasing levels include American roast, city roast, city roast plus, high roast and Viennese roast or Vienna roast. The increasing levels for dark roast include Continental roast, New Orleans roast, French roast, Dark French roast, espresso roast, European Roast, Italian Roast and Spanish roast. Coffee roasting converts the physical and chemical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products, producing the characteristic flavor or coffee and changing its taste. Coffee roasting equipment include hot-air, drum, packed-bed, tangential, centrifugal and home roasters. Hot-air roasters or fluid bed roasters force heated air using a perforated plate or screen under the coffee beans to lift the coffee beans as they circulate and tumble within the fluidized bed.

When choosing your coffee , it is important to consider the aroma, acidity, body, roast, and balance. When it comes to aroma, the different characteristics include fruity, floral or herbal, as determined by the smell after grinding and brewing. In terms of coffee acidity levels, they are influenced by the climate and soil condition of growing regions and it pertains to the liveliness or tanginess from a small to large amounts of coffee. The body element of a coffee refers to the heaviness or thickness of the coffee of your tongue that can be categorized as light or delicate body, medium or balanced body and heavy or full body. The balance refers to how good the combination of the stated elements are. When evaluating the grade of  coffee beans, coffee growers, roasters and buyers use coffee cupping, which evaluated the taste and aroma of coffee beans.